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Dendrocalamus asper (S1)

Dendrocalamus asper (S1) seeds were collected in Yunnan province China. It can reach 10-18 cm in diameter and 16-26 m in height. Its internode is 40-50 cm long and culm thickness 2-3 cm. Its branching habit high, with a dominant branch and many small branches. 

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Dendrocalamus asper shoots are edible. It's one of the main bamboo species for shoot production in Asia. 

​Dendrocalamus asper poles are strong and durable, good for construction, charcoal, biofuel, paper making and textile etc. 

Best climate to grow Dendrocalamus asper:

  • annual daytime temperature: 20-27 °c 

  • mean annual rainfall: 1,200 mm above 

  • Soil type: sandy loam, or heavy soil with good drainage 

  • PH in soil: 5.0-6.5 

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Germinating Dendrocalamus asper seeds (S1): 

Best temperature: 25-30 centigrade 

Sprouting time: 3-4 days on tissue (shell free) 

                            6-8 days on tissue (with shell)

                            10-20 days in soil (with shell)

​Sowing on seedbed: 50 grams per square meter

Facility: plastic film to control moisture

               shade net when temperature is above 25 °C

​               irrigation system 

Transplant: 1) pot up when 3-4 leaves are developed 

​                    2) plant in field when 2-3 culms are fully                            lignified and minimum 60 cm high 


Dendrocalamus asper seeds (S1): 

  • Seed size: around 7 mm long, 4 mm wide 

  • Harvest time: March 2019 

  • Origin: China 

  • Seed number in 1 gram: 45 seeds 

  • Germination rate: 55% 

  • Plants from 1 kilo seeds: 15,000-20,000

  • Viability: 12-18 months (at 1-4 centigrade)

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Planting Dendrocalamus asper seeds (S1): 

Suggested space: 4m x 4m 

                              4m x 5m

Planting season: beginning of rainy season 

                            (at least 1-2 months of rain after planting)

    ( If irrigation is available, can be planted all year round) 

Planting hole size: 60cm (L) x 60cm (W) x 50cm(D) ​

Life of plantation: ​80-100 years 

Timber yield: 75-90 ton /ha (fresh poles, selective cutting)

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